Psychotherapy – Portuguese and English

Teenagers, Adults and Family

No one hesitates to go to the doctor when he is physically ill. But what if the ‘mind’ is in pain?

We all bring fear, traumas, and anxieties into our relationships. We are the sum of our relationships and experiences. Both affect how we see ourselves, others, and the world, and how we feel about these things. However, the first step to overcoming our fears is to be willing to face them. Failure to face our fears, trying to escape pain and unpleasant experiences, can constraint us, and inhibit our learning and growth. The psychotherapeutic process, in addition to addressing the treatment of diagnosable psychiatric problems, is also intended to help the client achieve broader goals, transformation, and growth in specific settings in order to develop their potential through behavioral change and decrease the avoidance of difficult experiences.

Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (FAP), an approach in which MSc. Priscila Rolim is Certified, was developed based on the principles of radical behaviorism and is considered one of the Third Wave therapies, along with Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), among others (Hayes, Masuda, Bissett, Luoma, & Guerrero, 2004). It is a therapy that emerged in the early 1990s in the United States. It was developed by Robert J. Kohlenberg and Mavis Tsai, who combined a solid theoretical knowledge to the clinical experience accumulated by them over the years.

FAP is grounded in a vision of psychology and social influence that integrates contextual behavioral science (CBS) with the growing science of social connection, including how social connections affect psychological functioning. The approach can also be used in combination with other traditional behavioral elements or when the client’s ability to relate to others is the core difficulty.

The model proposes that new and more useful behavior can be modified during the psychotherapeutic process through the therapist’s alternative response to client problems or improvements that occur during the session. The therapeutic assumption is that it is easier to deal with relevant real behaviors within session than to talk about it.

Another approach that can be used during interventions is Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). To practice this approach, means a perspective on psychopathology that emphasizes the role of experiential avoidance, that is, the affected person tends to follow a pattern of life in which he deliberately avoids private events (thoughts and sensations) with aversive verbal functions such as suffering, illness, anxiety, depression, etc.) and thus sometimes amplifying the symptoms.

ACT is based on three pillars that are trained together in therapy:

Acceptance: it is understood as an active and conscious action of experiencing any and all psychological event, without judging it. It means treating “feelings as feelings; (…) thoughts as thoughts; (…) sensations as sensations “.

Choice: implies deciding to do something with what occurs in the present, since you cannot change the history of an individual.

Action: it would be to commit to the possible changes, according to what each of us value. Commitment to action is observed when the client is able to demonstrate or report on specific behaviors and significant activities that are likely to directly result in optimal performance.

Psychotherapy is a collaborative process based on the relationship between an individual and a psychotherapist. You and your Psychotherapist will work together to identify and change patterns of thinking and behavior.

By the time you finish your process, you will not only have solved the problem that led you to search Psychotherapy, you will also learn new skills so that you can better deal with challenges that arise in the future.

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